Quiz & Worksheet - Blockchain Technology Study.com

FUD Copy Pastas

**Last updated: May 30, 2018: Updated wallet info with release of Trinity.
This 4 part series from the IOTA foundation covers most of the technical FUD centered at IOTA.
Also the official IOTA faq on iota.org answers nearly all of these questions if you want to hear the answers directly.
Purpose of Writing
Since posting FUD is so ridiculously low-effort in comparison to setting the record straight, I felt it necessary to put a log of copy-pastas together to balance the scales so its just as easy to answer the FUD as it was to generate it. So next time you hear someone say "IOTA is centralized", you no longer have to take an hour out of your day and spin your wheels with someone who likely had an agenda to begin with. You just copy-paste away and move on.
It's also worth mentioning IOTA devs are too damn busy working on the protocol and doing their job to answer FUD. So I felt a semblance of responsibility.
Here they are. These answers are too my understanding so if you see something that doesn't look right let me know! They are divided into the following categories so if you are interested in a specific aspect of IOTA you can scroll to that section.


IOTA was hacked and users funds were stolen!

First, IOTA was not hacked. The term “hacked” is thrown around way too brazingly nowadays and often used to describe events that weren’t hacks to begin with. Its a symptom of this space growing way too fast creating situations of the blind leading the blind and causing hysteria.
What happened:
Many IOTA users trusted a certain 3rd party website to create their seed for their wallets. This website silently sent copies of all the seeds generated to an email address and waited till it felt it had enough funds, then it took everyones money simultaneously. That was the ”hack”.
The lesson:
The absolute #1 marketed feature of crypto is that you are your own bank. Of everything that is common knowledge about crypto, this is at the top. But being your own bank means you are responsible for the security of your own funds. There is no safety net or centralized system in place that is going to bail you out.
For those that don’t know (and you really should if you’ve invested in anything crypto), your seed is your username-pw-security question-backup email all rolled into one. Would you trust a no-name 3rd party website to produce your username+pw for your bank account? Because thats essentially what users did.
The fix:
Make your seed offline with the generators in the sidebar or use dice. This is outlined in the “how to generate wallet and seed” directly following.
The trinity and carriota wallets will have seed generators within them upon their release.

How to generate wallet and seed

1) Download official trinity wallet here
2) follow the instructions on the app.
3) Do not run any apps in conjunction with the trinity app. Make sure all other apps are completely closed out on your device.

Are you sure a computer can’t just guess my seed?

An IOTA seed is 81 characters long. There are more IOTA seed combinations than atoms in the universe. All the computers in the world combined would take millions billions of years just to find your randomly generated one that’s located somewhere between the 0th and the 2781st combination. The chance for someone to randomly generate the exact same seed as yours is 1 / (2781).
If you can’t fathom the number 27 ^ 81, this video should help:

Why is Trinity wallet taking so long!!??

Trinity is out. https://trinity.iota.org/


IOTA introduction video to share with family


Tangle visualizers


How to setup a full node

Download Bolero and run! Bolero is an all-in-one full node install package with the latest IOTA IRI and Nelson all under a one-click install!
"If you want to help the network then spam the network. If you really want to help the network then create a full node and let others spam you!"

No questions or concerns get upvoted, only downvoted!

That’s just the nature of this business. Everyone in these communities has money at stake and are extremely incentivized to keep only positive news at the top of the front page. There is nothing you're going to do about that on this subreddit or any crypto subreddit. It's just a reddit fact of life we have to deal with. Everyone has a downvote and everyone has an upvote. But what can be done is just simply answer the questions even if they are downvoted to hell. Yea most people wont' see the answers or discussion but that one person will. every little bit counts.
I will say that there are most certainly answers to nearly every FUD topic out there. Every single one. A lot of the posts I'm seeing as of late especially since the price spike are rehashed from months ago. They are often not answered not because there isn't an answeexplanation, but because regulars who have the answers simply don't see them (for the reason listed above). I can see how it's easy for this to be interpreted (especially by new users) as there not being an answer or "the FUDsters are on to something" but thats just not the case.

Developer's candidness (aka dev's are assholes!)

Lastly and to no surprise, David conducts himself very professionally in this interview even when asked several tough questions about the coordinator and MIT criticism.

IOTA Devs do not respond appropriately to criticism

When critiquers provide feedback that is ACTUALLY useful to the devs, then sure they'll be glad to hear it. So far not once has an outside dev brought up something that the IOTA devs found useful. Every single time it ends up being something that was already taken into consideration with the design and if the critiquer did an ounce of research they would know that. Thus you often find the IOTA devs dismissing their opinion as FUD and responding with hostility because all their critique is really doing is sending the message to their supporters that they are not supposed to like IOTA anymore.
Nick Johnson was a perfect example of this. The Ethereum community was co-existing [peacefully]with IOTA’s community (as they do with nearly all alt coins) until Nick wrote his infamous article. Then almost overnight Ethereum decided it didn’t like IOTA anymore and we’ve been dealing with that shit since. As of today, add LTC to that list with Charlie’s (even admitting) ignorant judgement of IOTA.
12/17/2017: Add John McAfee (bitcoin cash) and Peter Todd (bitcoin) to the list of public figures who have posted ignorantly on IOTA.

A lot of crypto communities certainly like to hate on IOTA...

IOTA is disrupting the disrupters. It invented a completely new distributed ledger infrastructure (the tangle) that replaces the blockchain and solves all of its fundamental problems (namely fees and scaling). To give you an idea of this significance, 99% of the cryptocurrencies that exist are built on a block chain. These projects have billions of dollars invested into them meaning everyone in their communities are incentivized to see IOTA fail and spread as much FUD about it as possible. This includes well known organizations, public figures, and brands. Everyone commenting in these subreddits and crypto communities have their own personal money at stake and skin in the game. Misinformation campaigns, paid reddit posters, upvote/downvote bots, and corrupt moderators are all very real in this space.


How do I buy IOTA


What is the IOTA foundation?

IOTA foundation is a non-profit established in Germany and recognized by the European Union. Blog post here: https://blog.iota.org/iota-foundation-fb61937c9a7e

How many companies and organizations are interested, partnered or actively using IOTA?

A lot, and often too many to keep up with.

How was IOTA distributed?

All IOTAs that will ever exist were sold at the ICO in 2015. There was no % reserved for development. Devs had to buy in with their personal money. Community donated back 5% of all IOTA so the IOTA foundation could be setup.

No inflation schedule? No additional coins? How is this sustainable?

Interestingly enough, IOTA is actually the only crypto that does not run into any problems with a currency cap and deflationaryism. Because there are zero fees, you will always be able to pay for something for exactly what it's worth using IOTA, no matter how small the value. If by chance in the future a single iota grows so large in value that it no longer allows someone to pay for something in fractions of a penny, the foundation would just add decimal points allowing for a tenth or a hundreth or a thousandth of an iota to be transacted with.
To give you some perspective, if a single IOTA equals 1 penny, IOTA would have a 27 trillion dollar market cap (100x that of Bitcoin's today)

IOTA is not for P2P, only for M2M

With the release of the trinity wallet, it's now dead simple for anyone to use IOTA funds for P2P. Try it out.

Companies technically don’t have to use the IOTA token

Yes they do
Worth clarifying that 0 iota data transactions are perfectly fine and are welcomed since they still provide pow for 2 other transactions and help secure the network. In the early stages, these types of transactions will probably be what give us the tps/pow needed to remove the coordinator and allow the network defend 34% attacks organically.
But... if someone does not want to sell or exchange their data for free (0 IOTA transaction), then Dominic is saying that the IOTA token must be used for that or any exchange in value on the network.
This is inherently healthy for the ecosystem since it provides a neutral and non-profit middle ground that all parties/companies can trust. If one company made their own token it wouldn’t be trusted since companies are incentivized by profits and nothing is stopping them from manipulating their token to make them more money. Thus, the IOTA foundation will not partner with anyone who refuses to take this option off the table.

All these companies are going to influence IOTA development!!

These companies have no influence on the development of IOTA. They either choose to use it or they don’t.

Internet of things is cheap and will stay cheap

Internet of things is one application of IOTA and considered by many to be the 4th industrial revolution. Go do some googling. IOTA having zero fees enables M2M for the first time in history. Also, if a crypto can do M2M it sure as shit can do M2P and P2P. M2M is hard mode.

IOTA surpassing speculation

IOTA, through the data marketplace and [qubic](qubic.iota.org), will be the first crypto to surpass speculation and actually be used in the real world for something. From there, it will branch out into other use cases, such as P2P. Or maybe P2P use of IOTA will grow in parallel with M2M, because why not?
12/19/17 update: Bosch reinforces IOTA's break-out from speculation by buying IOTA tokens for its future use in the data marketplace. https://i.redd.it/8e5b8bi9ov401.png

Investing in a new project barely off the ground

Investing in a project in its early stages was something typically reserved for wealthy individuals/organizations before ICO’s became a thing. With early investing comes much less hand holding and more responsibility on the user to know what they are doing. If you have a hard time accepting this responsibility, don’t invest and wait for the technology to get easier for you. How many people actually knew how to use and mine bitcoin in 2009 before it had all its gui infrastructure?
IOTA is a tangle, the first of its kind. NOT a copy paste blockchain. As a result wallets and applications for IOTA are the first of their kind and translating the tangle into a nice clean user-friendly blockchain experience for the masses is even more taxing.

Why is the price of my coin falling?!

This may be the most asked question on any crypto subreddit but it's also the easiest to explain. The price typically falls when bad things happen to a coin or media fabricates bad news about a coin and a portion of investors take it seriously. The price increases when good things happen to a coin, such as a new exchange listing or a partnership announced etc.. The one piece that is often forgotten but trumps all these effects is something called "market forces".
Market forces is what happens to your coin when another coin gets a big news hit or a group of other coins get big news hits together. For example, when IOTA data marketplace released, IOTA hit a x5 bull run in a single week. But did you notice all the other alt coins in the red? There are a LOT of traders that are looking at the space as a whole and looking to get in on ANY bull action and will sell their other coins to do so. This effect can also be compounded over a long period of time such as what we witnessed when the bitcoin fork FOMO was going on and alt coins were squeezed continuously to feed it for weeks/months.
These examples really just scratch the surface of market forces but the big takeaway is that your coin or any coin will most certainly fall (or rise) in price at the result of what other coins are doing, with the most well known example being bitcoin’s correlation to every coin on the market. If you don't want to play the market-force game or don't have time for it, then you can never go wrong buying and holding.
It's also important to note that there are layers of investors. There's a top layer of light-stepping investors that are a mixture of day traders and gamblers trying to jump in and jump out to make quick money then look for the next buying (or shorting) opportunity at another coin. There's a middle layer of buyers and holders who did their research, believe in the tech and placing their bets it will win out in the long run. And the bottom layer are the founders and devs that are in it till the bitter end and there to see the vision realized. When a coin goes on a bull run, always expect that any day the top layer is going to pack up and leave to the next coin. But the long game is all about that middle layer. That is the layer that will be giving the bear markets their price-drop resistance. That is why the meme "HODL" is so effective because it very elegantly simplifies this whole concept for the common joe and makes them a part of that middle layer regardless if they understand whats going on or not.


How is IOTA free and how does it scale

IOTA is an altruistic system. Proof of work is done in IOTA just like bitcoin. Only a user’s device/phone must do pow for 2 other transactions before issuing one of its own. Therefore no miners and no fees. And the network becomes faster the more transactions are posted. Because of this, spamming the network is encouraged since they provide pow for 2 other transactions and speed up the network.

IOTA is centralized

IOTA is more decentralized than any blockchain crypto that relies on 5 pools of miners, all largely based in China. Furthermore, the coordinator is not a server in the dev’s basement that secretly processes all the transactions. It’s several nodes all around the globe that add milestone transactions to show the direction of the IF’s tangle within the DAG so people don’t accidentally follow a fork from a malicious actor. Anyone with the know-how can fork the tangle right now with a double-spend. But no one would follow their fork because the coordinator reveals which tangle is the legit IF one. If the coordinator wasn’t there (assuming low honest-transaction volume), there would be no way to discern which path to follow especially after the tangle diverges into forks of forks. Once throughout of honest transactions is significant enough, the “honest tangle” will replace the coordinated one and people will know which one to follow simply because it’s the biggest one in the room.
Referencing the coordinator is also optional.
Also, if you research and understand how IOTA intends to work without the coordinator, it’s easier to accept it for now as training wheels. I suggest reading pg 15 and on of the white paper analyzing in great depth how the network will defend different attack scenarios without a coordinator. For the past several months, IOTA foundation has been using St Petersburg college’s super computer to stress test IOTA and learn when they can turn the coordinator off. There will likely be a blog about the results soon.
This is another great read covering double spends on IOTA without a coordinator: www.tangleblog.com/2017/07/10/is-double-spending-possible-with-iota/
This too: http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7eix4a/any_iota_guru_that_can_explain_what_this_guy_is/dq5ijrm
Also this correspondence with Vitalik and Come_from_Beyond https://twitter.com/DavidSonstebo/status/932510087301779456
At the end of the day, outstanding claims require outstanding evidence and folks approaching IOTA with a “I’ll believe it when I see it” attitude is completely understandable. It’s all about your risk tolerance.

Can IOTA defend double spend attacks?

99% of these “but did they think about double spend attacks?” type questions could just be answered if people went and did their own research. Yes of course they thought about that. That’s like crypto101…

Will IOTA have smart contracts?

Yes - qubic.iota.org

Trinary vs binary?

"By using a ternary number system, the amount of devices and cycles can be reduced significantly. In contrast to two-state devices, multistate devices provide better radix economy with the option for further scaling"

Bitcoin with lightning network will make IOTA obsolete.

If you want lightning network, IOTA already released it. Called flash channels.

IOTA rolled its own crypto!

This is why: https://blog.iota.org/the-transparency-compendium-26aa5bb8e260
Cybercrypt has been hired to review and audit it. IOTA is currently running SHA-3/KECCAK now until Curl is ready.

MIT said bad things about IOTA

And for official formal closure that MIT was completely wrong:

Nick Johnson says IOTA is bad!

Nick Johnson is an ethereum dev who is incentivized to see IOTA fail, see CFBs twitter responses here.
And this
And this
And this

IOTA is not private!

Masked authenticated messages exist right now so data can be transferred privately. Very important for businesses.

Coin privacy

Centralized coin mixer is out that foundation runs. Logs are kept so they can collect data and improve it Folks can copy the coin mixer code and run it themselves. Goal is for mixer to be decentralized and ran by any node.

How do nodes scale? How on earth can all that data be stored?

Full nodes store, update and verify from the last snapshot, which happens roughly every month. Its on the roadmap to make snapshotting automatic and up to each full node’s discretion.With automatic snapshots, each full node will act as a partial perma-node and choose when to snapshot its tangle data. If someone wants to keep their tangle data for several months or even years, they could just choose not to snapshot. Or if they are limited on hard drive space, they could snapshot every week.
Perma-nodes would store the entire history of the tangle from the genesis. These are optional and would likely only be created by companies who wish to sell historical access of the tangle as a service or companies who heavily use the tangle for their own data and want to have quick, convenient access to their data’s history.
Swarm nodes are also in development which will ease the burden on full nodes. https://blog.iota.org/iota-development-roadmap-74741f37ed01

Node discovery is manual? Wtf?

Nelson is fixing has fixed this:

IOTA open source?

IOTA protocol is open source. The coordinator is closed source open source.

Foundation moved user's funds?


My IOTA donation address:

submitted by mufinz2 to Iota [link] [comments]

ETH and EOS Will Continue to Face Congestion Problems — This Project Won’t

ETH and EOS Will Continue to Face Congestion Problems — This Project Won’t

Protocol congestion is a perennial problem in the blockchain ecosystem. Various measures have been implemented to avert congestion, but most struggle to offer a long-term solution.

Protocols have tried increasing their block size to increase the number of transactions they can hold and decreasing block production time to increase block generation. Though these measures worked in the short-term, they soon reached their limit. Thus, nearly all existing protocols cannot compare their transaction rates to those of centralized platforms.
The blockchain ecosystem has experienced transaction delays, massive transaction fees, and other inconveniences as a result of congestion within blockchain protocols.
Now, protocols like Aelf are out to change this narrative.
This article explores the congestion issue in the blockchain system, specifically on the Ethereum and EOS protocols. It also explores why Aelf will not be affected by the problem of congestion.

More Users = More Transactions

According to a report by Deloitte, blockchain is changing the business landscape, causing industries to adjust their operations based on the solutions it offers. This is also being seen in governments. The report also highlights that blockchain is yet to reach its full potential.
Blockchain is growing significantly, and one of the best examples of this is the congestion in Ethereum. Back in 2017, one of the first signs of future congestion was the d’App, CryptoKitties, which caused massive congestion in the Ethereum network- at one point resulting in a six-fold increase in total network requests.

These furry kittens were the source of great delays on the Ethereum network upon release | Source
It is also worth noting, that during the peak bull run in 2017, Bitcoin also suffered from a massively congested network and transaction time delays. The situation got so bad, some transactions took over two weeks to complete!
The delays were caused because Ethereum could only meet 15 transactions per second (tps) at the time. Even without CryptoKitties, the platform was eventually going to suffer massive delays as more people used their protocol.
Ethereum is now living the congested future of its platform as Tether transactions load its network with numerous requests that often leads to delays in the Ethereum Network. Despite increasing their block capacity by about 25%, it is not enough to meet the growing number of transactions on their platform.

Attempts Towards Greater Scalability

Over at EOS, things are not going as planned.
The protocol is among the networks that ushered in blockchain 3.0 promising faster transaction rates. This was achieved as EOS outperformed Ethereum and Bitcoin in transaction rates.
However, because of their network set up, their platform weakness was exposed in 2019 as EOS experienced a massive delay caused by a specialized Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack.
DoS attacks are successful when the targeted platform is flooded with numerous transaction requests; thus, legitimate requests cannot be processed in a good time. This can be further specialized when attackers use Distributed-Denial-of-Service, which specifically targets a single network or server, thus rendering the platform ineffective faster.
For EOS, their network weakness was exposed as the attack targeted the blockchain layer. The attacker posted so many deferred transactions that when the time came to process them (deferred are given priority over new transactions) that no new transactions could be processed The attack produced numerous trash transactions that made valid transactions useless. The attack was made via a d’App hosted on EOS.
Because the issue was not addressed since January, another attempt to slow down the network was successfully made. The plan was likely carried out to determine the limitations of the EOS network.
An airdrop was planned on the EOS network, where users would be rewarded with tokens if they frequently transferred EOS tokens into and out of the EOS network. The airdrop event created congestion because of the number of transactions being generated on the EOS network.
The congestion created on EOS on both instances can be attributed to the function of deferring transactions to a later time. This allows attackers to technically block other transactions for the period it will take to process all their ‘deferred’ transactions.

Aelf’s Simple Brilliance

Ethereum and EOS are both suffering congestion as a result of the growing number of transactions daily. These protocols are also likely to suffer congestion from planned attacks on their network.
Aelf drew lessons from both EOS and Ethereum to develop a platform that solves the issue of scalability.
On the issue of transaction rates, Aelf created a platform that achieves high tps. The tps are performed on-chain, and this is created through separation and specialization. Aelf’s protocol separates transactional data and computational dependency, which significantly impacts their tps.
Furthermore, Aelf implements parallel data processing through the separation of transactional data. This helps Aelf achieve even high tps on-chain.
The separation of transactional data is done using side chains. Aelf implements a branched-chain network as opposed to the single-chain system that is in use by both EOS and Ethereum. The branched-chain network allows Aelf to dedicate each side chain to a particular transaction type.
Aelf achieves its side chain specialization by using a “one chain to one type of contract” system. Therefore, one side chain can only process requests from one type of contract only. This makes the Aelf system highly specialized while still maintaining a simple structure.
Moreover, within the dedicated side chain, other side chains can be formed depending on the demand and needs of the network. This system resembles partitioning or sharding in database architecture and is known as “Tree Branch side chain extension” in the Aelf ecosystem.
The” Tree Branch side chain extension” acts as an emergency overflow system that protects Aelf from congestion by creating other side chains that can process transactions in case transaction requests outweigh Aelf’s capacity at the time.

A visual example of Aelf’s ‘Tree Branch’ | Source
Aelf’s side chains communicate through the main chain in the form of a Merkle tree root. Communication between the side chains is not direct. The information must pass through the filtering system of the mainchain to determine whether the data can be passed from one side chain to the other. The filtering process is based on the protocol’s guidelines.
These implementations deter deferred transactions, which makes it impossible for planned attacks to slow down the network through numerous “fake” transactions.
With Aelf’s set up, they are ahead in terms of scalability and security and, thus, a worthy choice for setting up a d’App.
Having seen the limitations of EOS and Ethereum, it is clear that their congestion problems are inevitable. Aelf remains the only platform that is immune to network congestion. The use of a side chain set up to isolate and categorize transactions is a simple yet brilliant idea implemented by the Aelf team, which assures Aelf of scalability throughout its lifetime. Aelf may have cemented themselves in blockchain history through its platform.
For more information of Aelf's platform, please follow this link.
#Aelf #DPoS #Blockchain #ParallelProcessing $ELF
Disclaimer: Please only take this information as my OWN opinion and should not be regarded as financial advice in any situation. Please remember to DYOR before making any decisions.
♂️ Hi, my name’s Sal. If you found this article useful and would like to view my other work please be sure to clap and follow me on medium and LinkedIn!😎
submitted by Floris-Jan to aelfofficial [link] [comments]

Unitimes AMA | Danger in Blockchain, Data Protection is Necessary

Unitimes AMA | Danger in Blockchain, Data Protection is Necessary
At 10:30 on September 12, Unitimes held the 40th online AMA about blockchain technologies and applications. We were glad to have Joanes Espanol , CEO and CTO of Amberdata, to share with us on ‘’Danger in Blockchain, Data Protection is Necessary‘’ . The AMA is composed of two parts : Fixed Q&A and Free Q&A. Check out the details below!

Fixed Q&A

  1. Please introduce yourself and Amberdata
Hi everybody, my name is Joanes Espanol and I am co-founder and CTO of Amberdata. Prior to founding Amberdata, I have worked on several large scale ingestion pipelines, distributed systems and analytics platforms, with a focus on infrastructure automation and highly available systems. I am passionate about information retrieval and extracting meaning from data.
Amberdata is a blockchain and digital asset company which combines validated blockchain and market data from the top crypto exchanges into a unified platform and API, enabling customers to operate with confidence and build real-time data-powered applications.
  1. What type of data does the API provide?
The advantage and uniqueness of Amberdata’s API is the combination of blockchain and pricing data together in one API call.
We provide a standardized way to access blockchain data (blocks, transactions, account information, etc) across different blockchain models like UTXO (Bitcoin, Litecoin, Dash, Zcash...) and Account Based (Ethereum...), with contextualized pricing data from the top crypto exchanges in one API call. If you want to build applications on top of different blockchains, you would have to learn the intricacies of each distributed ledgers, run multiple nodes, aggregate the data, etc - instead of spending all that time and money, you can start immediately by using the APIs that we provide.
What can you get access to? Accounts, account-balances, blocks, contracts, internal messages, logs and events, pending transactions, security audits, source code, tokens, token balances, token transfers, token supplies (circulating & total supplies), transactions as well as prices, order books, trades, tickers and best bid and offers for about 2,000 different assets.
One important thing to note is that most of the APIs return validated data that anybody can verify by themselves. Blockchain is all about trust - operating in a hostile and trustless environment, maintaining consensus while continuously under attack, etc - and we want to make sure that we maintain that level of trust, so the API returns all the information that you would need to recalculate Merkle proofs yourself, hence guaranteeing the data was not tampered with and is authentique.
  1. Why is it important to combine blockchain and market data?
Cryptoeconomics plays a key role in the blockchain world. One simple way to explain this is to look at why peer-to-peer file sharing systems like BitTorrent failed. These file sharing protocols were an early form of decentralization, with each node contributing to and participating in this “global sharing computer”. The issue with these protocols is that they relied on the good will of each participant to (re-)share their files - but without economic incentive, or punishment for not following the rules, it opened the door to bad behavior which ultimately led to its demise.
The genius of Satoshi Nakamoto was to combine and improve upon existing decentralized protocols with game theory, to arrive at a consensus protocol able to circumvent the Byzatine’s General Problem. Now participants have incentives to follow the rules (they get financially rewarded for doing so by mining for example, and penalized for misbehaving), which in turn results in a stable system. This was the first time that crypto-economics were used in a working product and this became the base and norm for a lot of the new systems today.
Pricing data is needed as context to blockchain data: there are a lot of (ERC-20) tokens created on Ethereum - it is very easy to clone an existing contract, and configure it with a certain amount of initial tokens (most commonly in the millions and billions in volume). Each token has an intrinsic value, as determined by the law of supply and demand, and as traded on the exchanges. Price fluctuations have an impact on the adoption and usage, meaning on the overall transaction volume (and to a certain extent transaction throughput) on the blockchain.
Blockchain data is needed as context to market data: activity on blockchain can have an impact on market data. For example, one can look at the incoming token transfers in the Ethereum transaction pool and see if there are any impending big transfers for a specific token, which could result in a significant price move on the other end. Being able to detect that kind of movement and act upon it is the kind of signals that traders are looking for. Another example can be found with token supplies: exchanges want to be notified as soon as possible when a token circulating supply changes, as it affects their trading ability, and in the worst case scenario, they would need to halt trading if a token contract gets compromised.
In conclusion, events on the blockchain can influence price, and market events also have an impact on blockchain data: the two are intimately intertwined, and putting them both in context leads to better insights and better decision making.
  1. All the data you provide is publicly available, what gives?
Very true, all this data is publicly available, that is one of the premises and fundamentals of blockchain models, where all the data is public and transparent across all the nodes of the network. The problem is that, even though it is publicly available, it is not quick, not easy and not cheap to access.
Not quick: blockchain data structures were designed and optimized for achieving consensus in a hostile and trustless environment and for internal state management, not for random access and overall search. Imagine you want to list all the transactions that your wallet address has participated in? The only way to do that would be to replay all the transactions from the beginning of time (starting at the genesis block), looking at the to and from addresses and retain only the ones matching your wallet: at over 500 million of transactions as of today, it will take some unacceptable amount of time to retrieve that list for a customer facing application.
Not easy: Some very basic things that one would expect when dealing with financial assets and instruments are actually very difficult to get at, especially when related to tokens. For example, the current Ether balance of a wallet is easy to retrieve in one call to a Geth or Parity client - however, looking at time series of these balances starts to be a little hairy, as not all historical state is kept by these clients, unless you are running a full archive node. Looking at token holdings and balances gets even more complicated, as most of the token transfers are part of the transient state and not kept on chain. Moreover, token transfers and balance changes over time are triggered by different mechanisms (especially when dealing with contract to contract function calls), and detecting these changes accurately is prone to errors.
Not cheap: As mentioned above, most of the historical data and time series metrics are only available via a full archive node, which at the time of writing requires about 3TB of disk space, just to hold all the blockchain state - and remember, this state is in a compressed and not easily accessible format. To convert it to a more searchable format requires much more space. Also, running your own full archive node requires constant care, maintenance and monitoring, which has become very expensive and prohibitive to run.
  1. Who uses your API today and what do they do with it?
A wide variety of applications and projects are using our API, across different industries ranging from wallets and trust funds (DappRadar), to accounting and arbitrage firms (Moremath), including analytics (Stratcoins) and compliance & security companies (Blue Swan). Amberdata’s API is attractive to many different people because it is very complete and fast, and it provides additional data enrichment not available in other APIs, and because of these, it appeals to and fits nicely with our customers use cases:
· It can be used in the traditional REST way to augment your own processes or enrich your own data with hard to get pieces of information. For example, lots of our users retrieve historical information (blocks and transactions) and relay it in their applications to their own customers, while others are more interested in financial data (account & token balances) and time series for portfolio management.
· Other projects are more in need of real-time up-to-date data, for which we recommend using our websockets, so you can filter out data in real-time and match your exact needs, rather than getting the firehose of information and having to filter out and discard 99% of it.
· We have a few research projects tapping into our API as well. For example, some of our customers want access to historical market data to backtest their trading strategies and fine-tune their own algorithms.
· Our API is also fully Json RPC compliant, meaning some people use it as a drop-in replacement for their own node, or as an alternative to Infura for example. We have some customers using both Amberdata and Infura as their web3 providers, with the benefits of getting additional enriched data when connecting to our API.
· And finally, we have also built an SDK on top of the API itself, so it is easier to integrate into your own application (https://www.npmjs.com/package/web3data-js).
We also have several subscriptions to match your needs. The developer tier is free and gets you access to 90% of all the data. If you are not sure about your usage patterns yet, we recommend the on-demand plan to get started, while for heavy users the professional and enterprise plans would be more adequate - see https://amberdata.io/pricing for more information.
All and all, we try really hard to make it as easy as possible to use for you. We do the heavy lifting, so you don’t have to worry about all the minutia and you can focus on bringing value to your customers. We work very closely with our customers and continuously improve upon and add new features to our API. If something is not supported or you want something that is not in the API, chances are we already have the data, do not hesitate to ask us ;)
  1. Amberdata recently made some headlines for discovering a vulnerability on Parity client. Can you tell us a bit more about it?
This is an interesting one. One of our internal processes flagged a contract, and more specifically the balanceOf(...) call: it was/is taking more than 5 seconds to execute (while typically this call takes only a few milliseconds). While investigating further, we started looking at the debug traces for that contract call and were pretty surprised when a combination of trace_call+vmTrace crashed our Parity node - and not just randomly, the same call would exhibit the exact same behavior each time, and on different Parity nodes. It turns out that this contract is very poorly written, and the implementation of balanceOf(...) keeps on looping over all the holders of the token, which eventually runs out of memory.
Even though this is a pretty severe bug (any/all Parity node(s) can be remotely shutdown with just one small call to its API), in practice the number of nodes at risk is probably small because only operators who have enabled public facing RPC calls (and possibly the ones who have enabled tracing as well) are affected - which are both disabled by default. Kudos to the Parity team for fixing and releasing a patch in less than 24 hours after the bug was reported!
  1. How do you access the data? How do I get started?
We sometimes get the question, “I do not know how to code, can I still use your data?”, and it is possible! We have built a few dashboards on our platform, and you can visualize and monitor different metrics, and get alerts: https://amberdata.io/dashboards/infrastructure.
A good starting point is to use our Postman collection, which is pretty complete and can give you a very good overview of all the capabilities: https://amberdata.io/docs/libraries and https://www.getpostman.com/collections/79afa5bafe91f0e676d6.
For more advanced users, the REST API is where you should start, but as I mentioned earlier, how to access the data depends on your use case: REST, websockets, Json RPC and SDK are the most commonly ways of getting to it. We have a lot of tutorials and code examples available here: https://amberdata.io/docs.
For developers interested in getting access to Amberdata’s blockchain and market data from within their own contract, they can use the Chainlink Oracle contract, which integrates directly with the API:
  1. Amberdata just recently celebrated 2 years birthday. What is your proudest accomplishment? Any mistake/lesson you would like to share with us?
The blockchain and crypto market is one of the fastest evolving and innovating markets ever, and a very fast paced environment. Having been heads down for two years now, it is sometimes easy to lose sight of the big picture. The journey has been long, but I am happy and proud to see it all come together: we started with blockchain data and monitoring/alerting, added search, validation and derived data (tokens, supplies, etc) along the way, and finally market data to close the loop on all the cryptoeconomics. Seeing the overall engagement from the community around our data is very gratifying: API usage climbing up, more and more pertinent and relevant questions/suggestions on our support channels, other projects like Kadena sending us their own blockchain data so it can be included in Amberdata’s offering… all of these makes me want to do more :)

Free Q&A

---Who are your competitors? What makes you better?
There are a few data providers out there offering similar information as Amberdata. For example, Etherscan has very complete blockchain data for Ethereum, and CoinmarketCap has assets rankings by market cap and some pricing information. We actually did a pretty thorough analysis on the different data providers and they pros and cons:
What makes Amberdata unique is three folds:
· Combination of blockchain and market data: typically other providers offer one or the other, but not both, and not integrated with each other - with Amberdata, in one API call I can get blockchain and historically accurate pricing data at the same time. We have also standardized access across multiple blockchains, so you get one interface for all and do not have to worry about understanding each and every one of them.
· Validated & verifiable data: we work hard to preserve transparency and trust and are very open about how our metrics are calculated. For example, blockchain data comes with all the pieces needed to recompute the Mekle proofs so the integrity of the data can be verified at any moment. Also, additional metrics like circulating supply are based on tangible and very concrete definitions so anybody can follow and recalculate them by themselves if needed.
· Enriched data: we have spent a lot of time enriching our APIs with (historical) off chain data like token names and symbols, mappings for token addresses and tradable market pairs, etc. At the same time, our APIs are very granular and provide a level of detail that only a few other providers offer, especially with market data (Level 2 with order books across multiple exchanges, Best Bid Offers, etc).
That's all for the 40th AMA. We should like to thank all the community members for their participation and cooperation! Thanks, Joanes!
submitted by Unitimes_ to u/Unitimes_ [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Cash Fund - Monthly Report - February

Bitcoin Cash Fund - Monthly Report - February
At the end of every month we will be writing an update on the Bitcoin Cash Fund to keep everyone up-to-date on what has been going on.
If you don't know what the BCF (Bitcoin Cash Fund) is go check out our website at thebitcoincash.fund or come and talk to us in our community chat at chat.thebitcoincash.fund.
General BCF Update
We have been making a lot of progress in February and putting a lot of structure in place so we have a solid basis for the rest of 2018. Our new website launches today. Go check it out at thebitcoincash.fund.
The site now contains an easier way to submit project proposals to us, and let us know you want to volunteer to help on projects. It contains lots more information now, and hopefully answers more questions that you might have.
This month we moved our community home over to Discord and you can join to at BCF Chat. We have tipping, raffles and a truly positive and open community there. We a truly proud of the community we are building there. Come and chat with us there any time you like.
Each monthly update will now contain an update from each of our team members.
Bitcoin Cash Ambassadors Update
There is now a total of 46 Bitcoin Cash meetups around the world.
The BCF is sponsoring all of these monthly meetups and providing support to the organizers. It is incredible to see how rapidly they are popping up all over the globe!
The BCF launched an Ambassador program. Ambassadors are committed to helping Bitcoin Cash reach one billion users in five years. They host monthly meetups in their communities, help plan and execute BCF initiatives as well as spread the Bitcoin Cash vision on social media. Ambassadors are automatically entered into a monthly raffle, receive Bitcoin Cash merchandise and have access to private channels within the BCF Discord.
Everyday people from different parts of the world contact us asking how they can be part of this incredible movement.
If you would like to become an Ambassador or host Bitcoin Cash meetups, join our official [Discord](ambassador.cash). Follow our official twitter account dedicated to coordinating the Ambassador program worldwide @BCFmeetups!
Merchant/Business On-boarding Update
We continue to see an influx of new merchants added daily. Tools like Rocketr.Net, and the new Coinbase merchants app has made it much easier for new ecommerce merchants to start accepting Bitcoin Cash. Through use of simple wallet apps, we are seeing new Brick and Mortar stores integrating Bitcoin Cash quite rapidly as well. We continue to form strategic alliances within the business to business space as well as the business to consumer space to ensure that our leads continue to be apprised of developments within the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem.
It is worth pointing out, while also calling out to the talented developers in the space, that a lack of BCH -> Fiat conversion tool continues to be a drawback for some smaller and larger merchants alike. Hedging against volatility and protecting their margins with fiat conversions is important for many merchants. For some, it is an integral part of their business model; thus awaiting a conversion tool due to the necessity of it for their business. We anticipate that the launch of a BCH to Fiat conversion platform will see an influx of new businesses of varying sizes onboard to Bitcoin Cash immediately thereafter.
In an attempt to assist the Brick and Mortar stores, we have and continue to update an exchange map that will allow them to easily find a local exchange with which they can convert their BCH to their local currency.
Online Community Update
Over the last month, we launched our new online community home over on Discord. In terms of our journey, we started off on Slack, migrated to Rocket.chat, and finally settled on Discord (our community has been very patient with us - thank you all). We had originally looked at Discord before Rocket.chat, but we were moving so fast we needed to make a decision.
A few major lessons we learned was that it’s incredibly important to factor in: user experience, mobile capabilities, and simple onboarding. With Discord, we took a lot more time setting everything up, taking in what worked/what didn’t over on Slack and Rocket.chat, and ensured we had everything we needed to scale better in the future. It helps that Discord is focused on building communities, unlike Slack which is more focused on enterprise teams.
Every community that forms always develops its own unique culture and behaviours. With our particular community, which encompasses Bitcoin Cash (BCH) doers, we needed to ensure that the tools didn’t get in the way of the doing.
For now, Discord is blowing everybody’s minds away with how fast and smooth it is, and we’re constantly implementing things like bots, BCH raffles, member level upgrades, etc. The goal with all this is to better help the BCH community of doers connect, form, and galvanise BCH globally.
So if you think of Discord as the BCF homebase for community interaction, Twitter, Facebook, etc. would be our outposts where we help share BCH/BCF news, community wins, and invitations to join us.
We’ll continue to keep you updated.
Marketing Update
#BCHforEveryone Campaign
February was the month that the #BCHforEveryone initiative was conceived. It spread like wildfire from the get-go, and I believe for one reason in particular.
I think we’ve all grown tired over the last six months of the family feud that is BTC vs. BCH. The Bitcoin Cash Fund aims to change the rhetoric around the bitcoin ecosystem, hence the #BCHforEveryone initiative.
Regardless of the name of the project, we can all utilize cryptocurrencies as a way to achieve something extraordinary. We’re not talking about money or technology here; we’re talking about people.
Bitcoin Cash and it’s community strive to better the lives of people all around the world, especially those that need it the most.
This month’s #BCHforEveryone feature comes from our newest Bitcoin Cash all-star, EatBCH. Located in the heart of Venezuela, a young man has turned an economic disaster into an opportunity to help his people. He has embodied what Bitcoin Cash was created for, and is now helping feed over 200 hungry Venezuelans with Bitcoin Cash donations.
Read his story here:
Financial Transparency
We fully understand that as an organisation we need to be fully transparent about what we are doing, especially in the area of finances. We intend to have something more graphically presentable on our website once the second phase of development is complete, but for now you can see a list of all transactions we have made from the BCF donation address. You can also see this in this SPREADSHEET.
Our spending so far is:
  • November 2017 - $3,639
  • December 2017 - $8,299
  • January 2018 - $38,559
  • February 2018 - $30,332
A 5 part educational mini series explaining Bitcoin Cash, including: What is a blockchain What is a blocksize limit What is a hardfork How BCH was created Why Bitcoin Cash was created
Made by the creator of ‘How The Banks Bought Bitcoin | Lightning Network
What's more exciting than a little treasure hunt? The Bitcoin Cash treasure hunt initiative is underway as we speak. Members of the community are now hiding Bitcoin Cash paper wallets around the world. As of writing this, we have been slowly pushing it out to ensure all kinks are worked out. There are currently over 100 wallets hidden in 10 countries across 4 continents. A number of wallets have already been claimed, these are also shown on the map.
The wallet has instructions designed to give beginners some background information about Bitcoin Cash, and a link to "https://findbitcoin.cash," which has instructions on how they can claim their funds. The site aims to serve a multitude of purposes:
Firstly, it hosts a map, where community members can hide wallets and provide geo-mapped clues as to where they are. Also shows where wallets were claimed. Secondly, a resource for beginners to learn some basics of Bitcoin Cash. Lastly, it provides links to resources in the community to expand their knowledge about the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem. We are thankful for those in the community who have hidden wallets around the world. We are expecting 100 new wallets to be hidden in Australia over the beginning of March along with some news coverage.
We encourage members of the community to create a couple of wallets and hide a few in your area, it’s fun, and a great way to educate those who may stumble upon the wallets a little bit about Bitcoin Cash. It’s also fun to see how long they take to get swept up, and rather intrinsically rewarding when they do.
As new wallets get loaded and submitted into new countries, we make sure to bring further awareness of the campaign by tweeting them out and tagging influential outlets within the community where they were hidden.
The goal of the SeatacBCH project is to prepare, deploy, and build a ground-based grassroots movement in the Seatac area of the U.S.A. to promote the acceptance of Bitcoin Cash at local businesses.
The project is just waiting on the completion of a new POS service.
George and his son, Andy are at the barbershop, when George suddenly remembers he left his wallet at home. Luckily, Andy has some Bitcoin Cash and sends his dad some. George then tips his barber, and pays for both their haircuts. There will also be humorous elements within the script. 2 different edits - One 30 second, and a 1:30 edit.
Business Onboarding Info Pack
A project to put together an info pack to get businesses started with Bitcoin Cash. The current plan is to include a pamphlet, some Bitcoin Cash Accepted Here" stickers, some leaflets aimed at users for the business to have available at the point-of-sale, and a paper wallet with small amount of Bitcoin Cash to play with. These packs will then be provided at meetups, events and anyone who needs them for onboarding businesses.
The information pamphlet is complete and on order. The stickers are complete and on order. We now have the ability to use custom designs on cashaddress.org. We are now in the process of creating the leaflet for users. There was a hold up on this while we looked for a graphic designer.
High Quality Bitcoin Cash Ad
The concept is to create a high-quality Bitcoin Cash ad that is accessible to the masses and that we can use to heavily advertise Bitcoin Cash in video form (e.g. on youtube, vimeo, and social media). The ad would be similar in nature to this ad by Coca Cola. It would show people all around the world using Bitcoin Cash (and having a great life) in their every day lives.
The tagline would be 'Bitcoin Cash - For everyone'. The idea is to show that Bitcoin Cash is a currency that is accessible to save and spend and receive by anyone and everyone in the world, and that by doing so people gain access to the global economy.
Bitcoin Cash Documentary
A project to be produced simultaneously as the ad to maximise fund use.
The documentary would target two key concepts:
  • 1. Why and how does Bitcoin Cash exist.
  • 2. Bitcoin Cash is used in a real economy by people all around the world, and these people need a good money system.
There would be a short motion graphic section in the documentary to explain the technical side of why/how Bitcoin Cash exists (e.g. block size, forks, on-chain scaling). This informational motion graphics section would also be suitable as a stand-alone video that can be used on social media to explain the situation.
We are now actively looking for people around the world who use Bitcoin Cash, and the ability to use it impact their lives. If this is you, or you know someone like this, please get in touch.
Project 1B
This project is a grand scheme to work towards on-boarding 1 billion people onto the Bitcoin Cash economy in developing countries.
The concept is to manufacture and sell $5 feature phones in large quantities in various developing countries, and have these devices partly subsidised by various parties including charities and mobile networks. These phones would have a simple user and merchant Bitcoin Cash app pre-installed and would be loaded with a few dollars worth of Bitcoin Cash. For example, the phone cost = $5 and the phone has $4 of Bitcoin Cash on it.
The apps will work with very low resources in a similar way to the wallets at yours.org.
Super Secret Website Project
We have a big website project we are working on internally (Not the BCF website). We will have some big updates on this over the coming month.
We are currently in the process of setting up many more exciting projects!
Visualize the difference in speed and scalability by comparing Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin Core's transactions using our highway themed blockchain visualizer. Unlock a bonus sprite with each donation back to the Bitcoin Cash Fund and monitor your address.
This project executed with massive success! Soon we hope to be working with the amazing team that built this site to produce a new educational tool.
What Is Bitcoin Cash?
This is an internal BCF project to produce a video similar to the What is Bitcoin? video, but remade for Bitcoin Cash. The voiceover for the video is the amazing Kevan Brighting who did the voiceover for the award winning game Stanley Parable. The video will be roughly 1:30 minutes long and should be completed within 2-3 weeks.
Work has started on the translations to Chinese, Spanish, Korean, Japanese, and French. This should take another week or so.
Bitcoin Cash Sound Branding
Internal BCF project to produce a branded sound for Bitcoin Cash payments. This sound would be used industry wide in apps when a bitcoin cash payment is sent or received. This sound would also be used in promotional video material to reinforce the brand. This sound would have a similar psychological effect as the macbook powering-on sound.
This is now complete and can be heard at the end of the new 'What is Bitcoin Cash?' video.
Please reach out to all the wallets that use Bitcoin Cash and show your support for the BCH sound branding.
If anyone has any questions feel free to post them below and we will try to answer any that you have.
The Bitcoin Cash Fund.
submitted by bitcoincashfund to btc [link] [comments]

Decred is four years old & ready for next 50 years of decentralized evolution!

As we're near the time of the 4th birthday of Decred's airdrop, I thought I would take a moment here on Reddit to recognize the Decred team's accomplishments, as one of the area's the Decred team has never been focussed on is their own self-promotion.
Personally, I believe that blockchain protocols winning in the end will be the ones best-equipped to adaptively upgrade themselves. In simple Darwinian terms, it is survival of the fittest!
This capability of adaptive upgradeability requires two key criteria, decentralized governance as well as sustainable developer funding model.
There is only one project that I am aware of that meets both of these characteristics today: Decred. IMHO, Decred is not only positioned as per the words of Marco Peereboom, "to become a sovereign project that can never be stamped out", but also to adaptively incorporate lessons learned from all of the other blockchain projects into a single feature-rich network, that can continue to evolve even beyond the turnover of the first, second, and third core developer groups, which is where Bitcoin and Ethereum are struggling.
If you are new to crypto, you might enjoy checking out all of the voting activity that is starting to happen on Politeia, i.e. the Treasury proposal voting system for Decred. I'd encourage you to check it out and consider getting involved. You can post proposals here: https://proposals.decred.org and also check-out these time series visuals of Politeia proposal voting: https://alpha.dcrdata.org/proposal/1 I've been in the space for 8 years, and seeing decentralized community governance in action is supremely satisfying!
As DCR continues to rise, the 10% developer treasury pool will be attractive for new developers to contribute to a truly decentralized project, or, if you're an investor the staking reward and relatively low market cap makes this one hard to pass up.
Decred has come a long ways in just four years and the project is well-positioned now for the next 50 years of evolution! Happy fourth Birthday Decred!
submitted by fintechprof to Anarcho_Capitalism [link] [comments]

r/Bitcoin recap - August 2018

Hi Bitcoiners!
I’m back with the twentieth monthly Bitcoin news recap.
For the Daily Discussion Thread please go here.
For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month.
You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com
A recap of Bitcoin in August 2018
submitted by SamWouters to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The Blockchain Industry

My name is Alexey Adylshin, I am backend developer at Platinum, the largest listing service provider for the STO and ICO projects. We know how to start ICO/STO campaign in 2019 and make it successful!
Already planning your own campaign?
It’s a great reason to visit our site:
We not only make cool promotions, but also develop fundamental courses for those who are willing to know all about crypto-economics. That’s why we created the UBAI, where you can learn how to do STO/ICO and become real professional!
Today I want to tell you about popular ICO business modules and blockchain use cases.
Trust & Reputation in the Blockchain Industry
Personal trust matters a lot in the Blockchain Industry. The investors, team members, advisors or exchange staff may know each other from working together on other projects. It is important you conduct yourself in a professional manner and treat people the way you want to be treated. Maybe we can say the crypto world was first populated by computer geeks and cypherpunks in hoodies. And that is perfectly okay; but it surely has evolved since then. The culture is more complex today. Serious money is involved. Sophisticated investors and money managers command large pools of capital. Everyone has expectations of an appropriate degree of professionalism. Your reputation, behavior, and character are important. You clearly want to distinguish yourself from any of the scammers and frauds in the Blockchain industry.
Major Roles in the Blockchain Industry
There are many specific job titles in the industry. We will focus on the major ones. But you will most likely wear a few different hats anyway. Just like in the real world, you will have to do different jobs at different times. Broadly speaking, there are seven major roles in the Blockchain Industry relating to ICOs: -Legal. -Marketing/PR. -Accounting. -Financial. -Business Development. -Advisors. -Technical Experts. There are of course many other roles covering every imaginable area, just as in the traditional world. But it is most important to focus on roles as they relate to ICOs.
In the blockchain industry, it is the responsibility of legal to ensure compliance with all contractual and statutory requirements in each jurisdiction. Even though it can be said that crypto and blockchain are still unregulated in some cases, and inappropriately/ineffectively regulated by traditional banking or securities laws in other cases, there are significant and unavoidable legal implications of using blockchain technology. Consider the digital enabled signature legislation. This enables digital signatures to be recognized internationally, thereby validating and authenticating transactions. Nevertheless, some transactions are still accompanied by other legal documents as well. Someone must be responsible for any such legal functions. And someone must also perform as an advocate and representative for the project. The legal advisor will typically come from a background of legal practice in his or her own jurisdiction. They can often provide a bridge to the traditional business world. Lawyers are generally paid just as well in Blockchain as they are in traditional business, though they probably have greater freedom and flexibility in here in crypto.
The role of Marketers and PR professionals closely mirror that of real world marketers and PR pros. Their primary role is to increase public awareness about the ICO project, and shape the narrative of the company. Primarily they will highlight the key benefits of the company solution and ensure this information is presented to the most important people. Marketing/PR in the crypto world is almost entirely digital. Social Media, Telegram Channels, Medium Blog Posts, Email Marketing, etc. are all the main forums and means of professional communication in crypto. Marketing/PR individuals are typically compensated based on their experience and contribution to the company. A marketer who is able to demonstrate significant upticks in engagement, investor interest, etc. will of course be paid well. Marketers who command a valuable audience will demand a greater fee. This role is one of the most sought-after and well-paid, due to the great amount of “noise” considered appropriate in the cryptocurrency industry.
Accounting roles are responsible for managing company finances, just like in traditional business. They do all bookkeeping work involving cryptocurrency transactions, as well as basic fiat currency transactions, and any exchange interactions and other transactions. Projects utilize major accounting software like QuickBooks, software which allows for computerized accounting, and payroll professionals, to perform regular tasks involving invoices, sales, purchasing records, and balance sheet reporting. Just like in a traditional organization, the accounting team monitors and maintains records of all financial transactions and investments. They ensure that specified budgets are followed and expenses are not surpassed. In so doing, they keep project expenses in-line with company objectives. They also might identify or evaluate business opportunities, and advise the project team about such investment ideas. They will often be compensated based upon experience and the significance of their particular contribution to the project.
A financial role in an ICO company can be one of the most engaging, but can come with great responsibility. Your role will focus predominantly on the management of company finances. That is a purposely general description because it is a position that covers a broad range of responsibilities. One day you might be coordinating with the founders and the business development advisors about the business model and the direction of the project. The next day you may be helping the founders explain to seed investors why you need capital to remain solvent. Then you may be tasked with investing the funds raised from the ICO into other cryptocurrencies to diversify the risk profile of the company finances. In the traditional market, finance jobs are very well remunerated. In the cryptocurrency space, you are of course rewarded based on your experience and contribution. However, the amount of responsibility you take, and your ability to be flexible and quick on your feet, can often command premium compensation.
Business Development
Blockchain business development professionals perform a variety of roles, typically structured around strategy and business ideas. Business development individuals will usually collaborate with every member of the team. Their contribution is not strictly defined by any kind of tangible work, such as writing code or producing graphic design, but rather by the idea of creating a general direction and manner in which the business can achieve its vision. They are responsible for structuring the company’s model, its roll-out plans and key objectives along the timeline. Often the founders of the company will be the ones to focus on Business Development because they have the strongest grasp of the magnitude and nuances of the project and its product. Business Development professionals also are often remunerated based on relevant experience, and their contribution to the project.
Businesses that intend to launch new blockchain projects frequently seek guidance from more experienced advisors. These are people who can offer first-hand information, direction and contact with relevant parties. This kind of advice and ability to give you introductions can be crucial to the success of your project. The role of advisors cannot be easily overstated. The title may sound vague and ambiguous, because it is. But it is a role that covers a lot of very important areas. An ICO might have great financial wizards on its team. They might be incredibly talented at creating their unique product, ecosystem and solution. They have their Blockchain technical expert who can replicate and create the system on the Blockchain to anchor their project. But without effective marketing, without connections to investors, traditional companies, and governments, the whole project is dead in the water. Advisors play a crucial role. It is a role that should be appreciated, and used for all it is worth. In the Blockchain industry, we broadly define and divide advisors into two major categories, Portfolio Advisors and Domain Experts.
Major Roles in the Blockchain Industry
Portfolio Advisors : Would not contribute strategy or give serious feedback as much as help facilitate good personal interaction with the press and other key partners. A Portfolio Advisor can also be an invaluable conduit to explain things to investors or the press. The Advisor is a good person to explain team decisions in the event of both good and bad news. Crypto and Blockchain projects use advisors to improve their business reputation and industry image, and to make their ICO company appear more serious and professional than it would otherwise appear. As mentioned, the advisor does not necessarily do any actual work such as coding. The Portfolio Advisor is more of a figurehead and professional conduit for the ICO, with a wide range of advisory functions and roles. Compensation for the Portfolio Advisor is often directly proportional to the specific utility to the company or the size of the role. An advisor who brings in half of your ICO funding in pre-sale will of course demand a much larger fee than someone who simply connects you with a few partners who might possibly be useful sometime in the future. A good advisor can earn up to tens of thousands of dollar, or even more.
On the other hand, Domain Experts provide the kind of input you would expect. They give practical and strategic direction to help the business be more successful and achieve its objectives in a timely fashion. These advisors can be expert in Cryptocurrency or expert in another related specialty. Typically, Domain Experts will already have significant exposure to the cryptocurrency industry, and a valuable understanding of how things operate. Although, due to the rapid growth in the industry, there are many new advisors and experts specifically brought in for a particular reason, so it may in fact be their first interaction with a Blockchain company. Domain Experts could have experience as diverse as healthcare, finance or gaming. Generally speaking, their contribution to the team will be focused solely within their area of expertise. As with Portfolio Advisors, Domain experts are compensated based on their experience and specific contribution to the project. But many ICOs will try to bring the two roles together. They will ask a well-known, highly-regarded Domain Expert to also appear on the website and help build the overall professionalism and reputation for their project, just like the Portfolio Advisor would do, as well as contribute their Domain Expert knowledge to the project.
Technical Experts
Did you know that there are certified blockchain experts (CBE)? The Blockchain Council is a certifying body that helps businesses, developers, and all interested individuals to become educated about the Blockchain industry. Technical Experts are specialists with in-depth knowledge and understanding of what the Blockchain is and how it can be utilized by businesses to maximize their potential. They are often the individuals who design the framework of the Blockchain solution, write the associated code, and debug as necessary. These experts are also able to certify other individuals in the Blockchain discipline of Distributed Ledger Technology from a vendor-neutral perspective. One of the most notable technical experts in the Blockchain network, is the well-known creator of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin. Vitalik Buterin created Ethereum, and ETH, the world’s second most valuable, massively traded cryptocurrency. In 2011, the team founded the Bitcoin magazine which publishes information about the Blockchain technology.
While not a part of our original list of positions and functions, Exchanges perform a central role with every ICO and Blockchain solution. If you are an ICO company and want to facilitate a market for your token (you always do, your investors will demand it) then you need the exchanges to provide this service. Exchanges, as we have discussed before, provide the market, the liquidity and the compliance with the necessary regulation/KYC requirements. After the ICO fundraising has been completed, the company’s token/coin begins trading on an exchange. Working on an exchange is another important career option in crypto that should not be overlooked. Exchange professionals may not earn as much as some of the other positions, (unless they also own an equity stake in the exchange), but they are still well-compensated for their technical knowledge and the sensitive nature of their job.
The Interaction of the Roles
People in all of the positions and roles we are talking about will need to work together and communicate with each other at various times. To start and grow a company from an idea or vision, to a tangible thing, is quite a tricky feat. Sometimes the technical experts will need to sit down and explain something to the business developers. The marketers might need clarification how the underlying technology works. Similar to real-world business, something many of us already know from experience, the management structure of a company plays a large role in how people in different positions interact while performing their jobs. If the company is particularly hierarchical, management might insist on going through specific touchpoints when sharing information, thereby allowing management to add their own input. Other companies will be comfortable with marketers and technical developers just speaking amongst themselves to achieve the agreed upon end goals of the business. Cryptocurrency projects often tend to become a special collection of especially talented people from all over the world. Management takes on a somewhat different role in the cryptocurrency space. It is important when you start on a project to be clear about how you should communicate with other team members, the channels of communication and the expected manner of interaction too. Some teams prefer to keep things quite informal, sharing gifs and memes to each other, while others prefer conversation on company channels and a strictly professional style.
Pre, During & Post ICO Business Roles Pre-ICO Launch
This period is the same for all new companies. This is when the foundation of the business is formed. The idea is validated. Initial development begins, and the team is assembled to start building the company. For an ICO destined company, this period includes where the idea is placed upon the Blockchain, and the use case created. Ideally, the idea should require the Blockchain to function, or at the very least, require Blockchain technology as the most suitable option. One of the first things an investor should do when they look at your project, is evaluate the need for a Blockchain solution. That is exactly what you should do first too. Your team should thoroughly inspect all possible technology options to equip your business with the best framework or “backbone”. You should look to justify the positives and negatives of each framework before landing on the most suitable solution. For an ICO, this needs to be a Blockchain based solution.
Pre-ICO Launch
The next step is of course researching the competition. With so many ICOs recently it is important to consider who else is active in this space. Who has had or done the same idea before? How is your company different? Why should someone invest money in your company, in your idea, as opposed to the other available options? You should then identify the major challenges your business is going to face. The application of Blockchain technology is so wide and organic to a lot of industries, it’s important to fully analyze and develop your idea for the real world. Do not just assume the Blockchain is going to do anything you want and solve every problem for you. After identifying your needs and challenges, the next step is to look for information about Blockchain technology that does solve your specific problem. This is often a combination of a few different roles working together. Your business development, technical specialist, and marketer as well as perhaps your financial people should all be involved. All positions can and should conduct research, envision areas of opportunity, and predict associated challenges to be met. After doing their research, your team should be able to make an intelligent decision on the path to take. You should have a good sense of where that leaves you, from a business development standpoint, a technical standpoint, and a fund-raising standpoint as well. At this point, you will need to organize and arrange all of your business roles and services to suit the company’s direction from now on. You are also likely to need to bring new people onboard to continue to grow and progress down your chosen path.
During the pre-ICO launch, a timeframe is set with company goals. One of the components of a pre-ICO launch is to design and launch your website, which serves as the point where investors go to obtain information about the project. Basically, the website will provide a link to the whitepaper, it will show the members of the team, and it will show the timeline of the project. The success of any pre-ICO launch depends on how well the project is able to pitch to investors about the necessity of the product and the use case of the Blockchain. All of this information is normally available on the project website, and it serves a dual purpose, the latter being a Marketing strategy. The website provides an extremely useful central point of focus for everyone. Your marketers can use the website to refer investors or potential team members. Your company can use your website in meetings with partners, advisors and regulators to demonstrate authenticity and professionalism. You have formed your team and your idea. You have made an operational website and a full series of marketing materials. You are ready to present your idea to the world. In the cryptocurrency world, this involves placing ICO announcements on websites specifically targeted toward cryptocurrency investors and professionals. Utilizing social media like LinkedIn and Medium will enable you to reach out to more people and increase participation and hype surrounding your pre-ICO launch.
During the ICO, your project would have generated tokens which will be used in exchange for Bitcoins, etc. Creating a token virtually means producing an asset that your business needs to survive, an asset with which it can conduct transactions. Tokens can represent digital coins, loyalty points, gold certificates, IOU’s, in-game items. The majority of tokens should perhaps not be thought of as shares in a company, as in a traditional IPO, but rather as utility tokens with a value dependent upon and derived from the token’s utilization in the company solution. Some projects will begin to sell these tokens (usually a specified amount) during the pre-ICO period, typically in what is called a “pre-sale”. Pre-sale tokens are usually offered to team members, advisors, large investors, key partners, etc. as a way to both invest in the future of the company, and to reward the people involved. The pre-sale tokens are almost always offered at a discount, and come with a vesting schedule. A projects’ next step will then be contacting and building relationships with exchanges. As previously discussed, the cryptocurrency exchange provides the means through which people are able to buy and sell the project tokens on the open market. Recognition and acceptance by the largest and most reputable exchanges matters a lot. Being listed is an efficient way to raise funds, attract new investors, and incentivize your current investors. Many investors will require you to detail your plans for getting listed on an exchange before they even invest in the pre-sale. Investors will not see any value if there is no listing, no exchange, and therefore no liquidity for that token.
During an ICO
A comprehensive list of exchanges can be found on Best Bitcoin Exchange. Most tokens will also be listed on CoinMarketCap, which is essentially a stock ticker of token sales. Tokens are listed and ranked according to the success of their ICO project. When an ICO project begins to fail, or fall below target, its ranking on the list decreases and ends up at the bottom, or the token becomes delisted entirely. The actual process of listing a coin on an exchange varies significantly by the site. Most exchanges like Bittrex and Poloniex strictly forbid tokens that could be considered a security. Building hype during an ICO project is all about gaining popularity. With the large number of ICO projects coming up every day, you need an effective strategy to help your ICO project stand out. A strong Marketing & PR team should be focused on the main avenues of communication. Identifying avenues of Communication The first step is to identify the best social media channels to reach out to a large number of relevant audiences. Twitter and Facebook are most often used to advertise projects. Facebook offers various opportunities you would not want to neglect. Browse through different Facebook communities, as well as web resources like helpareporter.com, those frequented by experts, journalists, etc. in order to understand the message content they like to see and the information they think is important.
Being in Touch with the Audience After you have identified your audience, maintain contact with them before the ICO, and throughout the entire process. Slack and Telegram are two extremely common ways to stay in touch with your investors and the community at large. You may also use forums like Bitcointalk and Reddit. It could be very wise to hire a specialist to engage in discussions about your project at this point. A forum debate is valuable interaction with the audience allowing you to get feedback from investors in the ICO and future users of your product. Create a Bounty Program A Bounty program is a strong and powerful means to build hype for the ICO project. It is an effective way to attract the attention of investors to your ICO; and a good rewards program to incentivize freelancers to promote your project out into their network. Rewarding users for signature campaigns on bitcointalk, email subscriptions or blog posts may be some of the best ways to broaden your investor audience.
Investor Roadshows
During this period of building hype for your ICO, you can identify and meet with potential investors in your project. This is a crucial step for your ICO and is incredibly important. This should in fact become top-priority for all of your team members. Investors will want to talk with every member of the team and ask very specific questions relevant to their domain of knowledge. The investors are thinking about their return. It is important to develop a profession level presentation. Clearly define expectations for the project. Illustrate your projections with good charts and visual aids supported by relevant independent analysis as much as possible. Be prepared. This information should be available to you at any time. You should always be ready to deliver a sophisticated presentation to potential investors. It is also smart to talk about other ways an investor will benefit from your project, other than the financial gains. You can think about it, and research for good ideas. At this stage, it is also important you already know what the hardcap of your coin will be, as well as its circulation. This amount should be fixed and specified before you launch your ICO. The coin distribution can never exceed this specified amount.
There are three key attributes which investors assess before investing in an ICO.
Circulating Supply
This is the number of coins that have been freely floated and are available in the market. In some instances, projects could have all their tokens pre-mined, and released all at once through the ICO. The circulating supply will, therefore, be the same as the maximum supply. Other times, tokens have to be mined over time, or coins are released on a specified schedule. As discussed earlier, this strategy can help maintain the value of the coin.
Total Supply
This is the number of coins that actually exist, including the ones that are not in circulation. Why would coins exist but not be in circulation? It could be for a number of reasons. A team might have mined coins but held them back without putting them on the market. Team members, advisors and pre-sale investors are required to hold their portion of the ICO for a specified number of months to prevent coins being dumped at listing. The coins, therefore, exist, but are not yet in circulation.
Maximum Supply
This is also known as the hardcap. This number is of paramount importance because this is the maximum number of coins that will ever be created (Bitcoin’s hardcap is 21,000,000 tokens.). Not all cryptocurrencies have a hard cap. Ethereum, for example, has no maximum supply limit of Ether.
Why is the hardcap important?
There are two fundamental reasons to support an established hardcap. The first has to do with scarcity. Just like diamonds. They are not only valuable for their beauty and strength. They are also valuable precisely because they are scarce. The scarcer they are, the more valuable they become. It’s the same with cryptocurrencies, simple supply and demand. If there is a finite supply of a particular token, the value of the coin is likely to increase over time. This will in turn ensure the integrity and value of the underlying network. When the hardcap is extremely low, you won’t be able to obtain enough funds to develop and grow the network. On the other hand, if the network is flooded with tokens that don’t have a purpose because the hardcap is excessively high, the value of the coin will become diluted, causing a drop in the integrity and value of the network. The second reason the hardcap is important is closely connected to the project roadmap. For every amount raised, the startup should make sure there is an explicit and concise purpose for those funds. Basically, “if we raise so much, then this is the plan. If we raise more, than this is this plan, and this is how we will use the funds raised.” However, we’ve seen projects raising hundreds of millions of dollars with no set objective of what to do with all that money. There have been instances of startups setting a funding target of $20 million, but then they go on to raise over $200 million because they didn’t set a hardcap. That means there is no predetermined plan for the excess $180 million.
Post ICO
After the successful completion an ICO, it is time to kick-start the project. Immediately execute plans from the white paper and purchase lists. Move as quickly as possible to bring your company to life. Let’s take another look at an example of a successful ICO we have discussed before.
The project was able to generate a total of $232million within three months of the ICO launch. The token created for the project was called ‘XTZ’ and the value for one XTZ was evaluated at: ICO Token Price: 1 XTZ = $0.47 XTZ token price max = $11.21 XTZ token price min = $1.76 XTZ token price to 07/01/2018 = $5.82 Returns since ICO (USD): +1,138% Tezos After the successful completion of the ICO launch, Tezos quickly activated their technology which is intended to compete with Ethereum, and simplify launches for new projects. Nevertheless, the project encountered a major setback. Two lawsuits were filed against Tezos claiming they violated both US Federal and State law. The Tezos tokens were qualified as securities. Therefore, by not registering them as securities, the company violated the securities laws. The project was also accused of fraud based on the premise that the tokens had been distributed under the pretense of being charitable contributions.
The Bancor ICO project was aimed at introducing a convenient way to issue smart-tokens and convert them without a counterparty. After the ICO, the project made some good progress, launching its app in beta mode. Presently, the app has been fully developed such that it is able to convert 14 cryptocurrencies including ETH and BTN tokens. The ICO raised $153million from the sale of their tokens. The breakdown of the value of the token during ICO and after is shown below: ICO Token Price: 1 BNT = $3.92 • BNT token price max = $8.17 • BNT token price min = $1.52 • BNT token price 07/01/2018 = $8.17 Some projects, like Bancor, remain successful after their ICO; while some, like Tezos, fail. It is not enough to plan for an ICO project simply by investing in publicity and token sales. The team must continually try to keep up with and surpass the competition, and give more value to the investors. A basic way to add value is to increase the exchange rate or price of the token. Investors and team members earn greater returns, and the project always stays above breakeven. For a project token to increase in value, there has to be more demand for it in a free market, relative to a given supply. It is important to have a clear understanding of how your token will likely be received, traded and supported throughout each stage of the ICO process.
In the Post-ICO stage, the financers and founders of the company will usually begin to manage and assess how best to support the token price. Here are some common strategies and ideas: Token Cap: The easiest way to support the token price is to reduce the number of tokens in circulation. Putting a cap on a token means placing a limit on the number of tokens that are available. As the supply of tokens is reduced, the demand for the token increases and the value of the token goes up. Token Buy Back: just as the name signifies, the team members can unanimously agree to buy up all or most of the company tokens that are still in circulation. When they have done that, they can either burn or destroy the tokens. The of course reduces the number of tokens in circulation and subsequently increases the value of the floating tokens. This kind of buy back can be taken as a continuous course of action, or be used as a one-time way to boost the token value.
Token creation by Third Parties: Team members can also brainstorm for other ways to increase or restrict the supply of more tokens to the market. One way tokens are created is via mining. When a project makes mining the main way to increase the supply of tokens for their project, that is perceived as more difficult and restrictive, limiting the rate of increase in supply on the open market, therefore increasing the demand for that token. Token creation by the Project: A project can simply choose to create more tokens when necessary. For example, when the token value has become so high that the users do not use it anymore for the services offered. This action is not generally recommended. It not only burns earlier investors by diluting the value of their current holdings, but also bodes poorly for the future (you might just keep minting new coins). Generally, to increase the demand for a token, the services offered by the project can be made more valuable to the users. That will generate higher demand. The more investors make use of the services and pay with the project tokens, the higher the token value will be.
Involvement in the Blockchain Industry
After you have some ideas which role or position might be best for you, you can start to network and search for opportunities in the crypto ecosystem. It is not enough to be an accountant, an economist or a business development professional in the traditional world. You need to know about the Blockchain industry as well. Remember, in the Blockchain industry, your reputation is everything. You want a strong social media presence. A professional profile on LinkedIn. Published articles if you have them. When you start talking to projects, you want to have a solid understanding of who you are and what you can do in crypto and Blockchain. The best way to get experience and become a part of your first ICO project is either: Volunteering: gets you into the industry. At first, you might want to care less about what is in it for you, and just get your foot in the door. If possible, you can volunteer for a role in an ICO project you really want to work at. Direct Networking: is a loose term that simply means you contact projects and ask about what is going on. Many projects are run by very digitally savvy individuals. Just asking for a job opportunity is likely to leave you disappointed (unless they happen to actually be in need of your exact talents at that time! In which case asking for work is the smarted thing you could ever do). Try to be useful, become friends, or associates. Help a team member anyway you can and see if an opportunity arises from that.
That’s not all! You can get better understanding of major roles in the blockchain Industry from ICO teams through to solidity developers. Follow the link to read our lesson on the topic:
Contact me via Facebook to know more about Platinum services and the UBAI courses:
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Coin-a-Year: Nyancoin

Hello cryptocurrency lovers! Welcome to Coin-a-Year, the laziest series yet in the Coin-a-Day publishing empire. This year's coin is Nyancoin (NYAN). I originally covered Nyancoin in an article here in /cryptocurrency published January 4th, 2015.
Without (much) further ado, I'm going to include the original report next, unmodified. This is unlike my Coin-a-Week series, where I use strikeout and update in-text. Because this is going to be a longer update, I'll just make all further comments and updates below, just realize that all information below is as of January 4th, 2015 and thus is more than a year out of date as of posting now, at the end of February 2016.
Since I use horizontal rules as internal dividers in the original post, I'll use a double horizontal rule to divide the original text from this prelude and the following update.
Coin-a-Day Jan 4th
Welcome to the fourth installment of Coin-a-Day! To see convenient links to the introduction and the previous entries, please see /coinaday. Today's coin is Nyancoin (NYAN).
• ~173.6 million available currently [1]; 337 million limit [2]
• All-time high: ~0.000024 BTC on February 16, 2014 [1]
• Current price: ~3 satoshi [1]
• Current market cap: ~$1,275 [1]
• Block rate (average): 1 minute [1] [3]
• Transaction rate: ~25? / last 24 hours; estimated $3-4 [4]
• Transaction limit: 70 / second [5]
• Transaction cost: 0 for most transactions [6]
• Rich list: ??? [7]
• Exchanges: Cryptsy [8]
• Processing method: Mining [10]
• Distribution method: proof-of-work block rewards and 1% premine for "bounties, giveaways & dev support" [2] [10]
• Community: Comatose [9]
• Code/development: https://github.com/nyancoin-release/nyancoin ; there hasn't been a released code change in 10 months. The new developer has talked about some changes, but has not made a new release. He has given advice about how to keep the network running and operate the client. [10]
• Innovation or special feature: First officially licensed cryptocurrency (from Nyancat) [2]; "zombie"-coin [11]
Description / Community:
So you're probably wondering why in the world we're talking about a coin which has been declared dead and already written off. I actually first selected this coin to illustrate a "deadcoin", but the more I dug into it, the more I was amazed at the shambles I discovered. I am combining the description and community sections for this coin, because the community (or lack thereof) is the central issue for Nyancoin.
Substantially all, if not literally all, of the original infrastructure is gone. From the announcement post, the original website has expired. The nyan.cat site itself survives, but has no reference to the coin. The github repo remains, but then there was never much changed from the bitcoin/litecoin original. In fact, the COPYING file doesn't even list "Nyancoin Developers". None of the original nodes seem to be running anymore. @Nyan_Coin hasn't tweeted since July 6th. And that was just to announce posting an admittedly cute picture to facebook which makes a claim for a future which seems never to have developed. Of the original 15 pools, I think all are dead except p2pool, for which at least one node still supports NYAN. The original blockchain explorer, nyancha.in, is still running. The faucet is dead or broken. The original exchanges no longer list it (two of the three having died; SwissCEX having ended its trading as of the first of this year). And so forth.
And yet:

I'm not dead! I'm getting better!

No you're not, you'll be stone dead in a moment.
[Of course, that scene finishes with knocking out the "recovering" patient so he can be taken away...not to mention the absurdity of including Monty Python in a financial article, but moving right along.]
There is still just enough left to Nyancoin to keep it twitching, even if it is on life-support. Whether it's an individual node or whether it's a pool, there are blocks being produced at a steady rate as intended. Transactions are being processed. There is still a market. There is still a block explorer. And there is a dev. It is like a case study in the absolute minimum necessary to keep a coin alive. The most likely outcome is almost certainly a final collapse when one critical piece or another of the infrastructure goes away. And yet in the meantime, a person can own a million NYAN for $8 [12], and then move this coin quickly and easy, albeit with no particular external demand. It's like the world's most hyped testnet.
I think this case presents an interesting example of what happens to an altcoin when its initial support dries up. NYAN coin is more fortunate than some, actually, as there are some where there are no longer any nodes running it nor the original announcement thread (in fact, there was actually a second Nyancoin launched around the same time. But it died hard and its original announcement thread was deleted and at this point I would have no idea how to access it; so "Nyancoin" thus illustrates how hard a coin can die (Nyancoin 2) as well as how it can hang around despite being proclaimed dead, with far more justification behind that pronouncement than there has been for bitcoin (NYAN) ).
[1] http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/nyancoin/
[2] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=402085.0 Regarding the premine, it's unclear to me where this money is now, since the original poster hasn't been active on BCT since May and the original site is down. However, given that it's only 1%, and about $25 in value right now, there seem to be more significant concerns for NYAN.
[3] http://nyancha.in/chain/Nyancoin - Nyan blockchain explorer; blocks are somewhat inconsistent but somewhere around the 1 minute average
[4] There doesn't seem to be anything automatically doing these stats, so I did visual inspection on about 1500 blocks (about one day) excluding the block generation reward (~250k/day). Most blocks are otherwise empty. I counted about 24 transactions or so scrolling through, with an outlier around 300k NYAN and another around 100k NYAN. In total, about 500k NYAN, excluding the block rewards. This is very approximately $3-4.
[5] Nyancoin is a basically unmodified, slightly out-of-date bitcoin as far as code goes, and ignoring the change in block rate and total coin supply, as well as the difficulty retarget after every block. So for purposes of estimating maximum possible transaction throughput, I start with bitcoin's estimated 7 transactions per second, and multiply by 10 for having a block on average every minute rather than every 10 minutes. In any event, this limit is not likely to be reached in the foreseeable future.
[6] Like bitcoin, transaction fees appear to be optional in Nyancoin. Unlike bitcoin, there is almost no transaction volume, and coins tend to sit for a relatively long time before being moved. So zero-fee transactions appear to be the norm from looking at a couple transactions on the block explorer.
[7] I couldn't find one. See the disclosure section of this article: your humble correspondent is likely represented in some way on a top 100 if one were to be made or if one exists, despite not holding it directly, depending on how the exchange holds it.
[8] I could not find any other exchanges still listing Nyancoin. SwissCex appears to have disabled it as of a couple days ago. Cryptsy has a notice that the NYAN/BTC market will be closing, but its NYAN/LTC market appears strong.
[9] Essentially all of the original sites, pools, faucets, etc. are dead and there has been very little to replace it. There is basically a single node, or perhaps a very few, which are running the blockchain. However, there is a developer still trying to hold things together, maxvall_dev, maxvall on BCT. He is the last hope for the NYAN.
[10] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=597877.0 This is the thread where maxvall took over as dev, and it also discusses switching to PoS, which hasn't happened as far as I know.
[11] "zombie"-coin: Not to be confused with ZMB (my god, does it ever end?). This is my term to describe a coin which is "undead": by rights it should be dead. And yet it's still walking around and acting like it's alive. What is it? What's going on? It's quite debatable whether this gives it any special value, but I find it an interesting state, and it's why this was chosen for early coverage. There are plenty of actually popular and successful coins, and we will go onto covering more normal selections; we're looking for variety rather than repetition. But I think this is an interesting example for what can go wrong, and yet in the midst of that, how little it takes for a coin to survive. In fact, it's almost like an alternate history bitcoin to me; this shows the concept that "it was run on one computer before; it can be run on one computer again" to some extent. And there are even some strange pragmatic benefits as well, like having no competition for getting a transaction into a block and thus zero transaction fees.
[12] And, in fact, the author chose to do so today, spending about 0.03 BTC for about 1 million NYAN.
Additional Reading
/nyancoins - Like NYAN: mostly dead, but not quite
http://nyan-coin.org/ - new official website
BCT thread listing nodes, xpool (p2pool), for mining information.
americanpegasus predicting in February that NYAN will hit $1; always an entertaining read
Instead of a challenge today, since NYAN has enough challenges, I decided I would give away 10,000 NYAN to at least the first ten people who ask for it. This still remains at my discretion, but honestly, if you really want, say, 50,000 NYAN and create four new accounts to do so, I'll probably be too amused to say no. I don't expect to get ten requests. If I get more, I'll probably still fulfill them, but as with everything else, this is left to my whim.
Donations and Disclosure
Okay, this is an important one today because of the tiny market here. I actually hold less USD value in NYAN than in BTC, DOGE, and PPC (although my value in PPC might be about equivalent actually), but I hold more of the total market in NYAN than any of those three. And I'll probably be buying more. So I have a conflict of interest in writing this article.
I am not providing financial advice and I do not make any recommendations of any sort on any matters. Make your own decisions; do your own research. Please, I do not want to hear about anyone doing anything "on my advice." I am not offering advice.
I personally hold just over 1 million NYAN on Cryptsy right now.
Perhaps it would be better if I didn't write any articles about anything I were invested inspeculating on, but I started this series for my own education to further my speculation, so unfortunately, dear reader, your needs come second to my own. tanstaafl; you get what you pay for, and I'm giving you my thoughts.
If by some strange quirk of fate you actually own NYAN and enjoyed this article and wished to donate some to me, K7Ho9HghBF6xWwS6JsepE6RAEPyAXbsQCV is mine (first non-empty account I've posted; transferred 1000 NYAN into here earlier from Cryptsy to test that the network and my wallet were actually working).
Thank you all for reading and commenting! I've already learned a lot from this process and I look forward to more!
Upcoming coins:
• January 5th: Nxt
• January 6th: Darkcoin
• January 7th: Namecoin
I'll use alphabetic labeling for footnotes in the updates to avoid any confusion with the footnotes in the original. For simplicity, unchanged items, like the 337 million limit and the 1 minute will not be mentioned, and we'll start with the summary changes.
  • ~263.7 million NYAN currently exist [a]
  • Current price: ~7 satoshi [b]
  • Current market cap: ~$8,000 [c]
  • Transaction rate: ~185 / last 24 hours; ~3,300,000 NYAN (~$100) [d]
  • Exchanges: Cryptopia [e]
  • Community: We're not quite dead yet; in fact, I think we're getting better! [f]
  • Code/Development: I have an early draft of NYAN2, but I'm about six months past my initial goal for having it available to use. Life/work/lack of build machine/procrastination. NYAN2 will be a rebase onto a modern LTC codebase which will soft fork to fix a current vulnerability to a fork bug. For now, the network still runs on the same code that it did when I wrote the first article.
I'm going to consider the community first, since I pointed it out as the weakness and central topic in the last one, then talk about the technical situation briefly, and then review the financial results.
The community has been excellent, if I do say so myself. We've got working infrastructure going thanks to the contributions of many Nekonauts (see [f]). Some original Nekonauts have returned or at least popped in from time to time, and new ones like myself have found Nyancoin (I would say given what I wrote in the original, I was still a skeptic of it at that point. Not that skeptics can't be Nekonauts, but I think I'd put my conversion to the cult of nyan shortly after writing that, even though I was already a nillionaire then for the heck of it.)
While I do look forward to seeing the community continue to grow in future years and consider that important, I don't think the community is our weakest point any longer; I think it's now our strongest point. I've tried to encourage the community's revival as best I could, including giving away tens of nillions in total, and lots of long rambling articles on my views on ethics and philosophy and frankly it's worked better than I would've really expected (or at least it has coincided with an effective recovery of the community). The community also helped me through at least a couple hard times personally in there as well.
The technical situation in Nyancoin is mostly unchanged but slightly improved, although with two additional known vulnerabilities. It's unchanged in that it's the same client. It's improved in that we have an active nyanchain explorer host (nyan.space), and we have a public draft of a plan for a soft forking security fix update in the near future (hopefully by the end of March (although I've slipped these deadlines before and may well miss March for release by a bit, I do think I'm inching closer now and then)).
The most serious vulnerability is to forking. This is the bug which hit Peercoin if I recall correctly. NYAN2 is intended to solve this through its soft fork from the LTC fix upstream (from the BTC fix upstream). In the meantime, we've been lucky we haven't been attacked. The tiny marketcap probably helps with not being a particularly attractive attack target. We're not exactly about to pay ransom to move faucet outputs. But that's no excuse; we want this fixed and should have it finally done "soon" (tm).
The less serious vulnerability is to a time warp attack in the difficulty function (Kimoto Gravity Well), which relates to general weaknesses it has and issues we've had with large gaps in the block chain because of spikes in the difficulty function causing it to be unprofitable and driving away most of the hash, and then low difficulty and price rise making it attractive to more hash, creating a spike and causing it again. While this is irritating, the chain still works, even if there are fits and starts at times. An important part of the reason I can get away with this is because there is at least one Nekonaut-supporting miner, CartmanSPC, who rescues us from time to time, and did so during the course of this article being written. We have a bunch of pools, but sometimes the hash just isn't there to get us unstuck when the difficulty goes high enough. Another part of the reason I consider it not an especially serious issue is because there's a workaround which works for me (classic bad developer logic): I use a large transaction fee (generally 337 NYAN, although I might have halved it after the most recent halving, I'll probably use 337 again) on my personal wallet by default. If necessary, I use a couple of them. It can make NYAN profitable to mine again despite the higher difficulty and "unstick" the chain. The difficulty function can go back down again in the next block if the gap has been long enough, so that can be enough to keep it going again for a while (although it can also get stuck again irritatingly fast at times). A fix for this will be putting in a better difficulty function for NYAN3, which will require a hard fork. This is tentatively scheduled for feature freeze around the middle of this year, coding to follow, activation sometime early 2017.
Financial has been our most disappointing performance. A graph of the 1 year performance right now on coinmarketcap looks pretty sad, showing our fall from a little over 60 satoshi down to around 7 satoshi now.
We rose too high, too fast, and I didn't stick with the safe high paying job like a sane person. Instead I hit the road, went to jail, and worked minimum wage. That doesn't sound like a sentence from a cryptocurrency financial review, does it? But the performance of NYAN since the article has been the story of my personal finances, which is the story of my life since then.
So, autobiographical coinaday interlude, trying to keep it generally to the most salient points. Well, in 2014 I had been on my way home to Minnesota from California when I was pulled over leaving Eureka, Nevada for speeding (got sloppy and went 45 approaching the 45 sign and thus technically still in the 35; bored cop seeing out-of-state plates). My vehicle reeked of weed, what with having been in Mendocino County previously with no intention of traveling out of the county much less state anytime soon but family emergency brought me back, and the end result was a citation for possession of cannabis and paraphernalia along with the speeding.
Fast forward to the beginning of 2015, I'm settled into a good software position and start looking more at cryptocurrency in my spare time. I write the coin-a-day series for a bit and then got annoyed and quit after a while when trying to do one a day on top of an actual job was too much for me (along with some annoyance over criticism; I can be rather thin-skinned at times). But I had gotten interested in Nyancoin, and started buying it up more and more with extra money I was making.
And then comes the crash. I had to stop putting as much in as I realized that where I was living and what I was working on wasn't going to work out for me and I needed to figure something else out. So, as I seem wont to do, I went on a roadtrip. I quit my job. And I went back for the court date for my citations and refused to pay, instead spending 10 days in jail rather than pay ~$1400 (I actually had the money in cash available to me if I chose to pay as a backup if I chickened out, but the judge annoyed me enough that I really preferred to be jailed instead of paying, as stupid as that sounds since I'm quite sure the judge didn't care in the least one way or another).
After that, I went back to roadtrip lifestyle for a while. It was a nice period. A lot of beautiful scenery; a lot of reading. Eventually, I busted up my car pretty badly...a couple times actually, the second time for good. Fast forwarding through the rest of the year, I worked a couple minimum wage jobs to pay bills and avoid cubicle life and kill some time until I figured out what I was going to do next. Just recently I quit as delivery boy after getting a speeding ticket (I swear, I'm not as horrible of a driver as this makes me sounds, although I have had a bad tendency to speed in the past, which I really have curbed to almost nothing; but I'm clearly not good enough) and am currently writing a Coin-a-Year article with a friend's incentive and applying to do documentation and development with the Nu project.
Okay, so what did any of that have to do with NYAN? Well, it's the mess of a life that has led to the fall of the price from 60 satoshi to 7 satoshi. If instead my life history for the time since the article had been simply "I was happily employed writing software", then I don't believe we would have dropped below 20 satoshi. It's easy to see in hindsight. If anyone can lend me a time machine, I'm sure I can get some condensed instructions which should improve performance significantly. Otherwise, just going to have more chalked up for the "character building" tally.
So, lessons learned if you are the major buy support for your coin: you need long-term reserves. Whatever you put in bids can be taken out in a moment by a dump for no apparent reason. This is particularly true if you may be quitting your cushy, high-paying job and wandering around without income for an extended period of time. Rather obvious, but hey, maybe someone else can learn from my mistakes. If I'd been bidding as cautiously as I am now from the beginning, I think the price would probably be somewhere from 10-20 satoshi now instead of around 7 satoshi.
It's especially unfortunate given that I wanted to be able to demonstrate the more consistent growth possible building a stable store of value, as opposed to the pump and dumps common in altcoins. And instead we had a pump-and-dump looking graph ourselves after I bid up higher than I was able to sustain, and a large (10+ nillion) instadump crashed the market all the way back down to 1 satoshi momentarily. We've had a few large (2+ nillion) dumps since, but nothing that large. We haven't generally had that large of bids though either.
It's hard to know when I've exhausted the supply at a price level, when it sometimes waits for a couple weeks or even more and then fills all the bids at once. But I want to maximize the minimum price paid because I think that's important for building confidence in a store of value long-term, which is one of my core goals for NYAN.
At the same time, we're still up from the lowest parts of the floor and where I found it. Since I own about 30% [g], the very cheapest supply has been taken off the market. I plan to keep on buying up "cheap NYAN" as much as I can. I've bought up to 60 satoshi before, I'll probably buy up that high this time around. I've got a token 100,000 NYAN ask at 300 satoshi; I hope never to sell lower.
Now I try to wrap it all together as if I saw this all coming and am the wise expert, despite having had about 90% drop in price in the last year after bidding too high. My original concept was taking the "minimum viable coin" and reviving it to a powerhouse as a textbook example in how to do it.
Part of my core concept in this is the arbitrariness of value: throughout history, humans have chosen any number of things as a store of value for the time: salt, large rocks, certain metals, disks, marked sticks, and so forth. While there has generally been a certain logic in the choice, in that there is a locally restricted supply in one way or another, and so forth, from the perspective of other centuries or cultures the choices can seem quite strange. Growing up, I was always struck by how strange the notion of salt being limited and valuable seemed in a world where people were trying to reduce intake and large amounts could be bought for trivial sums. And yet, a key nutrient necessary for life fundamentally makes more sense as being valuable than notched sticks or printed paper or a piece of plastic with some encoded information.
Humans have perpetually come up with stranger and stranger ways of storing and transferring value. Each new step, as always, comes with its own disadvantages and, frankly, has generally appeared nonsensical at best and fraudulent at worst to the status quo. Which doesn't mean that each new attempt is valuable. The gold bugs always like to point out that every fiat currency ultimately returns to its true value of zero. And the skeptics of cryptocurrency argue that all cryptocurrencies will eventually return to their true value of zero.
It's certainly possible. And it's possible the USD will hyperinflate someday. I tend to try the moderate view for a plausible guess of the future. By that type of logic, I would guess that over the course of decades, USD will in general lose value, and cryptocurrency will tend to slowly gain value. That might not seem the moderate view, but USD not losing value over decades would be truly shocking. And hyperinflation has been predicted since the USD went off the gold standard, or before. So some amount of inflation less than hyperinflation seems like the safe guess (but then, the Titanic arriving would also have seemed like the safe guess to me). And with cryptocurrency, I think it's clear by now the technology will continue to survive. So my first question is with what overall value as a market? It could go down, of course, but that seems unlikely in an already small, young market. Even if all the current crop die off and are replaced, whatever cryptocurrencies are around should be able to do better than a handful of billion in market cap in my view.
I believe that cryptocurrency has a bright future ahead of it. The best coins should ultimately survive and thrive. But I've been wrong on most of my major calls so far, like for instance when I thought BTC was over-priced around $5-$10.
I think Nyancoin can have an important role to play in the future of cryptocurrency in the years and decades to come, but it's a massively speculative long-shot. See also Nyancoin risks document. But like Linus Torvalds' autobiography, I try to keep "Just for Fun" as a core motto and principle. It's makes for a good hobby project because there will always be more to work on, with a core community motto of
Disclaimers / Sponsorship:
As I said before:
I am not providing financial advice and I do not make any recommendations of any sort on any matters. Make your own decisions; do your own research. Please, I do not want to hear about anyone doing anything "on my advice." I am not offering advice.
And I'll reiterate that I own about 30% [g] of the current supply of NYAN, which makes me by definition maximally biased.
Also, I'm not sure what's up with the address from the first post. It doesn't show up in my current wallet as a recognized address. So, anyhow, don't send there. :-) If you'd like to donate, please consider sponsoring a coin-a-day or coin-a-week article.
This is the first sponsored article. This Coin-a-Year article has been brought to you by spydud22 's generous patronage. I'd been meaning to do a Coin-a-Week article on Nyancoin for a while, but between wanting to "wait until the price recovered a bit" and general procrastination, then it seemed like it would make a good Coin-a-Year article, and then I wanted to wait until the price recovered a bit more...anyhow, so thank you spydud22, for causing me to finally do this. :-)
  • [a] nyan.space/chain/Nyancoin ; as of block 1091430, 263738786.71890615 NYAN outstanding. This is slightly over 50% more than the last report, which is what we would expect, since it had existed for about a year then, and has approximately annual halvings. The first year generated about 50% of total supply; the second year generated about 25% of total supply. We should expect in a year to have about 17% (one-sixth) more than we have now.
  • [b] https://www.cryptopia.co.nz/Exchange?market=NYAN_BTC ; this is the only market reflected in coinmarketcap and it is the primary one on which I trade. Cryptopia also has other base pairs which operate at significantly higher spreads (lower bids; higher asks) and have minimal volume. In the time since the last report, NYAN has traded as high as 60 satoshi (and briefly a little higher at times), but over the last almost twelve months since a peak about a year ago, the price has been generally declining overall, as a gross oversimplification of a lot of movements. This has been an effect of me not being able to keep buying as much and there being large dumps I wasn't expecting from time-to-time. Now I'm taking the approach of building large (one or more nillion (million NYAN)) bids on each price as I slowly work my way back up again in order to be able to handle possible dumps with less price shock.
  • [c] coinmarketcap.com/currencies/nyancoin/ ; as noted in [b], this only reflects the /BTC basepair on Cryptopia but that's where most of the volume is anyhow. Of course, the market is also not particularly liquid since I'm the primary buyer and have rather limited means currently.
  • [d] I haven't setup a script to count this yet, among many things on my to-do list for someday, so I went through by hand from what was the then-latest block of 1091430 on nyan.space back to 1089766 which was the first block generated less than 24 hours before. There was actually a three and a half hour block gap at that point, such that the next prior block was about 24 hours and 15 minutes before 1091430 while 1089766 was only about 20 hours and 45 minutes prior, and has a disproportionate number of transactions and value compared to a typical block (8 and ~313,000 NYAN respectively) from the build-up during the gap. But since that gap conveniently started right about at the start of the 24 hour period, doesn't really skew our results here.
Note that there are often times where the UTXO created during one transaction during the day is spent during a later transaction in the day. This can be considered the "same" Nyancoin being "spent" twice in the same day in our total. But in practice, I believe what's happening here is the faucet is breaking off small (10-50 NYAN) pieces from a larger (~40,000 NYAN) chunk, and so that pops up a bunch of times. So the total NYAN blockchain volume as counted for this topline number should not be interpreted as "NYAN spent in the day" but "NYAN moved on the chain", where the "same coin" can move many times. So it's a very easily gamed metric and not a strong / resistant metric like the market price tends to be (at least relatively speaking), but it's a fun number to calculate and provides a little bit of information.
The transaction count can also be easily inflated and certainly, for instance, having the faucet does generate transactions which are a very common transaction.
And this is also just an arbitrary 24 hour period compared to a previous arbitrary 24 hour period. Nonetheless, I do think there's clearly a bit more activity on the Nyanchain, even though the typical block is still empty and the number of transactions and volume is still tiny compared to the major cryptocurrencies.
Here's an arbitrary example of the faucet transactions Note the zero transaction fee, which I love that the miners support (the defaults are all quite low as well).
Here's an example of what may be the smallest transaction by NYAN volume of the day; but no, I followed its small, spent output, and it led to this gem which also links to this. I have no idea what's going on here, but it's hilarious and I love it. How's that for microtransaction support? :-)
  • [e] Obviously Cryptsy went down. We had had more than enough red flags with Cryptsy (including one time where I was able to withdraw 6 nillion more than I had in my balance) and got onto Cryptopia. spydud22 basically accomplished that for us, although I helped out in the tail end of the campaigning.
  • [f] Our community is still small (I wish there were literally dozens of us!) but we've had valuable activity from multiple people, including, just as highlights, vmp32k who hosts nyan.space, a clone of the original nyancha.in, jwflame who created the excellent nyancoin.info intro site, with the awesome status page (which currently notes that "the last 500 blocks actually took 111 minutes, which is approaching the speed of light, causing the universe to become unstable"), KojoSlayer who runs the faucet and dice, spydud22 who got us on Cryptopia, and many other Nekonauts have made worthy contributions, and the Nekonauts mentioned have done more than just that listed. So while we are small, we are active at least from time to time and technically capable.
Even though our posting rate is still around 1 post a day or so on average, and so still a relatively quiet subreddit (and it is our main (only?) hub), it's still a very noticeable and significant difference from how /nyancoins looked when I was reviewing it for the original piece here. Here's an attempt to approximate what was there using Reddit search ; archive.org has a snapshot on January 19th, 2015, which is well into the early revival mania and one from August 14th, 2014, before four and a half months of little to no activity. Apparently archive.org unsubscribed to /nyancoins in that interval itself...
  • [g] Maybe up to around 35% by now; maybe still around 30%. I haven't updated hodling report lately; it was 30% last time I recall, but I've bought more and more has been made since.
submitted by coinaday to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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